If an author wants to get published, it takes a lot of hard work to achieve that finished, beautifully bound piece of work. Not only does an author need to write and complete a lengthy piece of work, but they then need to choose how to publish it.
- Traditional Publishing – These are publishers many know (Penguin Random House, Hachette, etc.) that acquire, edit, create, publish, and invite you into the publishing community, and sell the books so the author does not have to.
- Hybrid Publishing – These publishers are usually smaller and pay royalties to the author, but do not charge fees for design, layout, and production of the book or pay advances.
- Academic Publishing – These are self-explanatory as this publisher mainly publishes textbooks and academic pieces for school settings.
Self-publishing is when an author publishes their own work by themselves. This means the cost, editing, proofreading, marketing, and promotional aspects are handled by the author instead of an outside party. Some people prefer this option because it gets your work right out there quickly in a book form for people to read. Some popular self-publishing websites are Amazon, Lulu, and Kobo.
But self-publishing may not be the answer if you plan on being a regularly published writer of any sort. It can result in good work–that someone wrongfully chooses to self-publish–being drowned out in a sea of terribly written, error-filled nonsense from people who consider themselves to be New York Times best selling authors. I see so many downsides to self-publishing that could be avoided by taking a risk instead, being patient, and going the traditional publishing route.
So, before choosing to self-publish that novel you wrote all the way through without proofreading and editing or even remembering the entire plot, maybe consider looking at some cons.
A self-published author is also in charge of promoting their own book in order to gain an audience and sell copies. This means it is highly unlikely to end up in large bookstores or on the New York Times bestseller list because you do not have knowledgeable marketing minds with connections behind you as you would with traditional publishing. In order to make a decent profit off of self-publishing, or maybe just to break even, an author would need a strong audience that already knows them and their work who are guaranteed to purchase other works from the same person, otherwise it will just be friends and family buying your book. An already established author with books that have sold relatively well in traditional ways could potentially self-publish and still make a profit.
In self-publishing the author risks reducing the likelihood of being published by other companies because of the stigma around self-publishing. Not all self-published books are reviewed and edited by professionals, which means that the book will likely be published with numerous errors. If an author does this, and later tries to publish another book traditionally, the publisher might look down on them because of their self-published work. It is possible for the traditional publisher to not want to work with a self-published author if their book was printed with errors because it lowers the quality, and publishers don’t want to be connected to this. Even without excessive errors, a publisher might not even read or consider a manuscript because an author has self-published. It can look very conceited and arrogant to self-publish your work rather than taking the time to work with an agent, editor, and publisher. Many traditional publishers actually prefer to work with authors who have not published anything yet so they can be a bigger part of marketing their future works and there isn’t an established, and possibly negative, reputation for that author.
Along with the stigma comes those who self-publish just because they can. Since self-publishing means you can publish your work even if it is god awful and filled with spelling mistakes and a disastrous plot, many people do so. This means that even if you are self-publishing your work and it is well written and a good read overall, it would be buried in the terrible self-published books that make up over 75% of the self-publishing world. And, I don’t know about you, but I’m not going to spend any time sorting through awful self-published books to find the one book in the stockpile that is somewhat decent to purchase.
Of course, there are some positives to choosing to self-publish such as quicker publishing time, creative freedom, and that the author gets to keep all profit. When someone self-publishes their book, it usually takes no more than six months to get the book off your laptop and onto various selling platforms, where working with a traditional publisher can take years. Also with self-publishing, the author is the one to make all of the calls. They choose the title, cover, binding, the way they want the book formatted, and creative liberties many traditional publishers don’t offer. Self-publishing is a fine idea if you aren’t planning on making a career off of being an author or you just want to self-publish your work so it is in a physical book binding for family and friends to enjoy. Finally, self-published authors get to keep every penny they make from selling their book because there is usually no middle company to take profits and no set payday or paycheck amount they would receive.
But are these positive aspects enough to get me onto the self-publishing train? Absolutely not.
Many of my graduate professors have urged students–like me–to avoid self-publishing and go through the traditional process of finding an agent and editor. This is because traditional publishers do most of the work, and the author, someone who isn’t a publishing professional, isn’t in charge. Personally, I would not choose self-publishing if I were to publish a book of my own. I find that the cons of this method outweigh the advantages by a decent amount.